Excellence-in-ReSTI

C-D

C


Calculation method-equitable


An equitable calculation method is a method of determining flat rates, standard scales of unit costs or lump sums that ensures equal treatment of beneficiaries, and does not favour some beneficiaries or projects over others. When establishing simplified cost options, they must be done in advance, and be fair, equitable and verifiable.

BG: справедлив метод на изчисление
CZ: způsob výpočtu - spravedlivý
DE: Berechnungsmethode – ausgewogen
HR: metoda obračuna - nepristrana 
HU: számítási módszer – méltányos
SI: metoda izračuna - pravična
ME: Metoda obračuna - jednakih vrijednosti
RS: Metod obračuna - jednakih vrednosti
BHS: Metod obračuna - jednakih vrijednosti
RO: metoda de calcul echitabilă




Calculation method - fair


A fair calculation method is a method of determining flat rates, standard scales of unit costs or lump sums that is reasonable; i.e., based on reality, not excessive or extreme. When establishing simplified cost options, they must be done in advance, and be fair, equitable and verifiable.

BG: коректен метод на изчисление
CZ: metoda výpočtu - spravedlivé
DE: Berechnungsmethode – fair
HR: metoda obračuna - pošten/fer 
HU: számítási módszer – tisztességes
SI: metoda izračuna - poštena
ME: Metod obračuna po fer vrijednosti
RS: Metod obračuna po fer vrednos
BHS: Metod obračuna po fer vrijednosti
RO: metodă de calcul corectă




Calculation method - verifiable


A verifiable calculation method is a method of determining flat rates, standard scales of unit costs or lump sums that is based on documentary evidence, which can be verified. When establishing simplified cost options, they must be done in advance and be fair, equitable and verifiable.

BG: проверим метод на изчисление
CZ: metoda výpočtu - ověřitelná
DE: verifizierte Berechnungsmethode
HR: metoda obračuna - dokaziva
HU: számítási módszer – ellenőrizhető
SI: način izračuna - preverljiv
ME: Metod obračuna - promjenjivih vrijednosti
RS: Metod obračuna - promenjivih vrijednosti
BHS: Metod obračuna - promenjivih vrijednosti
RO: metodă de calcul verificabilă




Call for proposals


Calls for proposals is a mechanism whereby a selection process is launched to choose candidates/projects on a competitive basis. Actors are invited to submit project proposals. Calls for proposals are publicly announced. Information is provided on the type of projects that will be considered for funding and on specific conditions to be met in each Call for Proposals. Only part of the proposed projects will pass the selection test.

BG: Обявление за кандидатстване
CZ: výzvy k předkládání návrhů
DE: Aufruf zur Einreichung von Projektvorschlägen
HR: poziv na podnošenje prijedloga
HU: pályázati felhívás
SI: razpis za zbiranje predlogov
ME: Poziv za podnošenje predloga
RS: Konkursni poziv
BHS: Konkursni poziv
RO: anunț de propuneri




Candidate country


A candidate country is a country negotiating to join the EU, prospective or aspiring or would-be members..
BG:
CZ: kandidátské země
DE: Beitrittskandidat, Beitrittsland
HR: zemlja kandidatkinja
HU: tagjelölt állam
SI: država kandidatka
ME: Zemlja kandidat
RS: Zemlja kandidat
BHS: Zemlja kandidat
RO: țara candidat




Capitalisation of results


Capitalisation of results is a process of capturing, analysing and using the results to support their (re-)use and/or their transfer, ultimately promoting improved performance and delivery.
BG:
CZ: kapitalizace výsledků
DE: Kapitalisierung von Ergebnissen
HR: kapitalizacija rezultata
HU: az eredmények kapitalizációja
SI: kapitalizacija rezultatov
ME: Kapitalizacija rezultata
RS: Kapitalizacija rezultata
BHS: Kapitalizacija rezultata
RO: capitalizarea rezultatelor




Cash flow


In accounting, cash flow is the difference in the amount of cash available at the beginning of a period (opening balance) and the amount at the end of that period (closing balance). It is called positive if the closing balance is higher than the opening balance, otherwise it is called negative.

BG: паричен поток
CZ: hotovostní pohyby
DE: Cash-Flow
HR: protok novca
HU: pénzforgalom
SI: denarni tok
ME: Novčani tok
RS: Novčani tok
BHS: Novčani tok
RO: flux de numerar




Certifying authority


A Certifying Authprity is the body responsible for submitting certified statements of expenditure to the Commission, and for ensuring eligibility with EU, national and programme rules. The CA sometimes also verifies the quality of the verifications carried out by Joint Secretariat desk officers and, on a sample basis, checks the correctness of the reports from the beneficiaries. The CA ensures that the statement of expenditure is accurate, results from reliable accounting systems, and is based on verifiable supporting documentation and that the expenditure declared complies with applicable EU-, Programme- and National Rules.

BG: сертифициращ орган
CZ: certifikační autorita
DE: Bescheinigungsbehörde
HR: tijelo ovlašteno za ovjeravanje 
HU: igazoló hatóság
SI: organ za potrjevanje
ME: Sertifikaciono tijelo
RS: Sertifikaciono telo
BHS: Certifikacijsko tijelo
RO: autoritate de certificare




Check


Check means the verification of a specific aspect of a revenue or expenditure operation.

BG: проверка
CZ: kontrola
DE: Check
HR: provjera
HU: vizsgálat
SI: pregled
ME: Provjera
RS: Provera
BHS: Provjera
RO: verificarea




Cluster


Clusters are large projects usually run by industry in self-organisation. Clusters are powerful engines of economic development and drivers of innovation in the European Union. They provide a fertile business environment for companies, especially SMEs, to collaborate with research institutions, suppliers, customers and competitors located in the same geographical area.

BG: клъстер
CZ: klaster
DE: Cluster
HR: Klaster
HU: klaszter
SI: grozd
ME: Klaster
RS: Klaster
BHS: Klaster
RO: cluster




Co-creation


Co-creaation is an approach that brings different parties together (for instance, a public body and a group of stakeholders), in order to jointly produce a mutually valued outcome.

BG: метод за съвместно създаване
CZ:
DE: gemeinsame Erstellung
HR: Ko-kreacija
HU: közös alkotás
SI: soustvarjanje
ME: ko-kreacija
RS: Ko-kreacija
BHS: Ko-kreacija
RO: co-creație




Cohesion Fund


Since 1994, the Cohesion Fund has been used to provide support for the poorer regions of Europe and stabilise their economies with a view to promoting growth, employment and sustainable development. The Fund contributes to financing environmental measures and trans-European transport networks - particularly high-priority projects of European interest - in the 14 Member States that have joined the EU since 2004, as well as in Greece and Portugal. The Cohesion Fund may also be used to finance the priorities of the EU's environmental protection policy.

Member States with a Gross National Income (GNI) per inhabitant below 90 % of the EU average are eligible for funding from the Cohesion Fund. The ceiling for the Cohesion Fund's contribution to public expenditure in the Member States is set at 85 %. The budget for the Cohesion Fund is worth around EUR 75 billion (2014 prices) for the period 2014-2020.

BG: Кохезионен фонд
CZ: Fond soudržnosti
DE: Kohäsionsfonds
HR: koheziski fond
HU: Kohéziós Alap
SI: Kohezijski sklad
ME: Kohezioni fond
RS: Kohezioni fond
BHS: Kohezioni fond
RO: Fondul de Coeziune




Cohesion policy


Cohesion Policy is the European Union's strategy to promote and support the ‘overall harmonious development’ of its Member States and regions.
 
Enshrined in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Art. 174), the EU's cohesion policy aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion by reducing disparities in the level of development between regions. The policy focuses on key areas which will help the EU face up to the challenges of the 21st century and remain globally competitive.
 
Approximately 32.5 % of the EU budget 2014-2020 (equivalent to ca. EUR 351.8 billion over seven years at 2014 prices) is allocated to financial instruments which support cohesion policy. These are managed and delivered in partnership between the European Commission, the Member States and stakeholders at the local and regional level.

BG: Кохезионна политика
CZ: Politika soudržnosti
DE: Kohäsionspolitik
HR: koheziska politika
HU: Kohéziós Politika
SI: kohezijska politika
ME: Koheziona politika
RS: Koheziona politika
BHS: Koheziona politika
RO: politica de coeziune




Collaborative Inquiry


A thread of dialogic practice which emphasizes that dialogue contributes to collective thought and learning by encouraging the group to attend collectively, to learn and watch for and experience its own tacit (previously undiscussed) process in action. Once noted and discussed, new ways of thinking can occur.

BG: колаборативно проучване
CZ:
DE: kollaborative Recherche
HR: Zajednička istraga
HU: együttműködő vizsgálat
SI: Sodelovalna poizvedba
ME: Zajednička istraga
RS: Zajednička istraga
BHS: Zajednička istraga
RO: cercetare colaborativă




Collective impact


Collective impact occurs when organisations from different sectors agree to solve a specific social problem using a common agenda, aligning their efforts, and using common measures of success.

BG: Колективно въздействие
CZ:
DE: kollektive Wirkung
HR: Zajednićka utjecaj
HU: együttes hatás
SI: skupni učinek
ME: Zajednički uticaj
RS: Zajednički uticaj
BHS: Zajednički uticaj
RO: impact colectiv




Commemorative plaque


A commemorative plaque is a plaque displayed in visible places on or at structures built with EU funding or co-funding. As part of the opening ceremony of permanent structures, contractors and partners should place a permanent plaque in the most visible part of the building, such as the main entrance or in front of the building. When appropriate, the plaque could contain the following sentence: “This [name of the structure] was funded by the European Union”, with the EU flag placed underneath it.
Commemorative plaques must be placed in the entrance of Infrastructures such as houses, clinics, factories, institutions, training centres, roads, bridges, etc. built under the Project.
For editable EU template for plaques: https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/node/44415

BG:
CZ: pamětní deska
DE: Erinnerungstafel, Gedenktafel, Tafel
HR: spomen-ploča 
HU: emlékeztető tábla
SI: spominska plošča
ME: Ploča zahvalnosti
RS: Ploča zahvalnosti
BHS: Ploča zahvalnosti
RO: placă comemorativă




Committee of Regions


The Committee of the Regions is the voice of regions and cities in the European Union. This is a consultative committee made up of representatives of local and regional authorities of the Union. It is a political assembly of holders of a regional or local electoral mandate serving the cause of European integration.

BG: Комитет на регионите
CZ: Výbor regionů
DE: Ausschuss der Regionen
HR: Odbor regije
HU: Régiók Bizottsága
SI: Odbor regij
ME: Odbor regiona
RS: Komitet regiona
BHS: Komitet regiona
RO: comitetul regiunilor




Communication


Communication is defined as the imparting or exchanging of information by speaking, writing, or using some other medium. Communication is one of the crucial elements in programme and project management. It is used to refer to general information, publicity and visibility operations (activities, materials) carried out by the programme or by the project.

BG: комуникация
CZ: sdělení
DE: Kommunikation
HR: Komunikacija
HU: kommunikáció
SI: komunikacija
ME: Komunikacija
RS: Komunikacija
BHS: Komunikacija
RO: comunicare




Communication strategy


A Communication Strategy is a document on a project or programme level setting out communication objectives, key messages, target groups, activities, budget, timetable, and people responsible for implementation and evaluation measures.

BG: комуникационна стратегия
CZ: komunikační strategie
DE: Kommunikationsstrategie
HR: Komunikacijska strategija
HU: kommunikációs stratégia
SI: komunikacijska strategija
ME: Komunikaciona strategija
RS: Komunikaciona strategija
BHS: Komunikaciona strategija
RO: strategia de comunicare




Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)


CORDIS is the official website and database devoted to European Research and Development (R&D) activities and technology transfer, in particular the Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development - FP.

Information is provided about EU research activities: Information services on all aspects of European Union R&D programmes, policies and other initiatives. The objective is to assist organisations and individuals to participate in, and/or benefit from Community-funded research. The services promote awareness of EU research activities at European, national and sub-national levels.

Pan-European and international research activities: Services to promote the research and innovation policies, programmes and infrastructures of the Member States. Information covering pan-European frameworks, services to promote cooperation activities with associated states and other third countries.

BG: Информационна услуга за научни изследвания и развитие на Общността
CZ: Informační služba Společenství pro výzkum a vývoj (CORDIS)
DE: Informationsdienst der Gemenschaft für Forchung und Entwicklung
HR: Informacijska služba Zajednice za istraživanje i razvoj (CORDIS) 
HU: Közösségi Kutatási és Fejlesztési Információs Szolgálat (CORDIS)
SI: CORDIS
ME: CORDIS
RS: CORDIS
BHS: CORDIS
RO: CORDIS




Commuter


A commuter is a person who travels periodically between place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so crosses the boundary of their residential community. It refers to anyone who regularly or repeatedly travels between locations, even when not work-related.

BG:
CZ: dojíždějící
DE: Pendler
HR: Osoba koja putuje na posao u drugo mjesto 
HU: ingázó
SI: potnik
ME: Osoba koja putuje na posao u drugo mjesto
RS: Osoba koja putuje na posao u drugo mesto
BHS: Osoba koja putuje na posao u drugo mjesto
RO: navetist




Competitive advantage


Competitive advantage is the attribute that allows an organization to outperform its competitors. A competitive advantage may include access to natural resources, such as high-grade ores or a low-cost power source, highly skilled labor, geographic location, high entry barriers, and access to new technology.

BG: Конкурентно предимство
CZ: Konkurenční výhoda
DE: Wettbewerbsvorteil
HR: konkurentska prednost 
HU: versenyelőny
SI: konkurenčna prednost
ME: Konkurentna prednost
RS: Konkurentska prednost
BHS: Konkurentska prednost
RO: avantaj competitiv




Conditional approval


A conditional approval is a project selection decision that a project can be approved only if it meets a number of conditions (e.g., budget cuts, work plan modifications) before final approval. The conditions cannot fundamentally change the project, and must be met within a deadline. If not, the project could be rejected.

BG:
CZ: podmíněné schválení
DE: bedingte Genehmigung
HR: uvjetno odobrenje
HU: feltételes jóváhagyás
SI: pogojna odobritev
ME: Uslovno prihvatanje
RS: Uslovno prihvatanje
BHS: Uslovno prihvatanje
RO: aprobare condiționată




Conflict of interest


A conflict of interest is a situation that has the potential to undermine the impartiality of a person because of the possibility of a clash between the person's self-interest and professional interest or public interest.

BG: конфликт на интереси
CZ: konflikt zájmů
DE: Interessenkonflikt
HR: Sukob interes
HU: összeférhetetlenség
SI: navzkrižje interesov
ME: Konflikt interesa
RS: Konflikt interesa
BHS: Konflikt interesa
RO: conflict de interese




Consortium


A consortium is - in general - a group of institutions or companies acting together in the same project under common interest. In H2020 it refers to all the participants/beneficiaries in the same project. Most funding schemes require proposals from a number of participants (usually at least three) who agree to work together in a consortium.

BG: консорциум
CZ: konsorcium
DE: Konsortium
HR: Konzorcija
HU: konzorcium
SI: konzorcij
ME: Konzorcijum
RS: Konzorcijum
BHS: Konzorcijum
RO: consorțium




Consortium agreement


The signature of a Consortium Agreement between the partners of a research project is mandatory for almost every H2020 project. But partners in a project often draw up an agreement to govern the internal organisation of the consortium; the distribution of the Community financial contribution; additional rules on dissemination and use including intellectual property rights arrangements, as appropriate; the settlement of internal disputes.

BG: споразумение между членовете на консорциума
CZ: dohoda o konsorciu
DE: Konsortialvereinbarung
HR: konzorcijska ugovor
HU: konzorciumi megállapodás
SI: konzorcijska pogodba
ME: Konzorcijski ugovor
RS: Konzorcioni ugovor
BHS: Konzorcioni ugovor
RO: acord de consorțium




Consultations


The European Commission often launches consultations which are open for participation and allows you to participate in policy development of the European Union. Individuals as well as organisations (without any geographical specification) are invited to take part in theregularly opened public consultations shaping European policies. The mainwebsite to check out the currently open consultations is http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/consultations/index_en.htm In the field of research, open (as well as closed) consultations are available via http://ec.europa.eu/research/consultations/list_en.cfm

BG: обществени консултации
CZ: konzultace
DE: Konsultation
HR: Savjetovi
HU: egyeztetések
SI: svetovanje
ME: Konsultacije
RS: Konsultacije
BHS: Konsultacije
RO: consultări




Context indicator


A context indicator measures the original situation in a country, population or a category of the population, and then records the subsequent change in that situation.

BG: контекстуален индикатор
CZ: kontextový indikátor
DE: Kontextindikator
HR: indikator konteksta
HU: környezeti mutató
SI: kontekstni kazalnik
ME: Indikator opštih uslova
RS: Pokazatelj opštih uslova
BHS: Pokazatelj opštih uslova
RO: indicator de context (al situației originale)




Contingency Planning (CP)


Contingency Planning is how project (organizational) planners position their project to prepare for, detect, react to, and recover from events that threaten the execution.

BG: план за извънредни ситуации
CZ: plánování nepředvídatelných událostí
DE: Notfallplanung
HR: planiranje za slučaj nepredviđenih događaja 
HU: készenléti tervezés
SI: Načrtovanje nepredvidljivih dogodkov
ME: Plan vanrednih situacija
RS: Kontigentno planiranje
BHS: Kontigentno planiranje
RO: planificarea de urgență




Contribution


A contribution is a counterpart to programme co-financing secured by the partners (paid by the partners from their own resources, or paid to the partners from external sources). Depending on the source of contribution (partner’s own resources, external sources) and their legal status, the contribution can be public and/or private.

BG: принос
CZ: příspěvek
DE: Beitrag
HR: doprinos
HU: hozzájárulás
SI: doprinos
ME: Doprinos
RS: Doprinos
BHS: Doprinos
RO: contribuție




Control


Control means any measure taken to provide reasonable assurance regarding the effectiveness and efficiency of operations, the reliability of reporting, the safeguarding of assets and information, the prevention, detection and correction of fraud and irregularities and their follow-up. Control also includes the adequate management of risks related to the legality and regularity of the underlying transactions, taking into account the multiannual character of programmes, as well as the nature of the payments concerned. Controls may involve various checks.

BG: контрол
CZ: řízení
DE: Prüfung
HR: kontrolirati
HU: kontroll
SI: nadzor
ME: Kontrola
RS: Kontrola
BHS: Kontrola
RO: control




Control certificate


A control certificate certifies that a controller fulfilled the requirements of its Member State.

BG: сертификат за извършване на първо ниво на контрол
CZ: certifikát o kontrole
DE: Prüftestat
HR: kontrolni certifikat
HU: ellenőrzési igazolás
SI: nadzorno potrdilo
ME: Potvrda o izvršenoj kontroli
RS: Potvrda o izvršenoj kontroli
BHS: Potvrda o izvršenoj kontroli
RO: certificat de control




Control checklist


A control checklist is a detailed checklist used by controllers to structure and document their control work for a given reporting period, project and partner.

BG: контролен лист
CZ: kontrolní seznam
DE: Prüfliste
HR: kontrolni popis
HU: kontroll ellenőrzőlista
SI: nadzorni kontrolni seznam
ME: Kontrolna lista
RS: Kontrolna lista
BHS: Kontrolna lista
RO: lista de verificare a controlului




Control report


A control report summarises first level controls, findings and remarks undertaken for a given reporting period. It also summarises results of the control.

BG: контролен отчет
CZ: kontrolní zpráva
DE: Prüfbericht
HR: izvješće o kontroli
HU: kontrolljelentés
SI: nadzorno poročilo
ME: Izvjestaj o kontroli
RS: Izvestaj o kontroli
BHS: Izvještaj o kontroli
RO: raport de control




Controller


Controller is an abbreviated term for first level controller.

BG: контрольор
CZ: kontrolor
DE: FLC
HR: kontrolor
HU: ellenőr
SI: nadzornik
ME: Kontrolor
RS: Kontrolor
BHS: Kontrolor
RO: controlor



Controller reviewer


A controller reviewer is a second controller who verifies checks undertaken by the primary controller (4-eyes principle). Often done on a sample basis. The controller reviewer can be a peer or a superior.

BG:
CZ: recenzent kontrolora
DE: zweiter Prüfer (4-Augen-Prinzip)
HR: recenzent kontrolora
HU: Ellenőr felülvizsgálója
SI: nadzorni pregledovalec
ME: Dodatni kontrolor
RS: Dodatni kontrolor
BHS: Dodatni kontrolor
RO: recenzentul controlorului




Cooperation criteria


Cooperation criteria are the four joint criteria used to measure to what extent projects cooperate. Project partners must cooperate in the development and implementation of projects. In addition, they must cooperate in the staffing or the financing of projects, or in both. For projects in programmes between outermost regions and third countries or territories, the project partners are required to cooperate only in two fields: joint development and joint implementation.

BG: критерии за сътрудничество
CZ: kritéria spolupráce
DE: Kooperationskriterien
HR: kriteriji suradnje
HU: Együttműködési kritériumok
SI: merila sodelovanja
ME: Uslovi saradnje
RS: Uslovi saradnje
BHS: Uslovi saradnje
RO: criterii de cooperare




Cooperation programme


The Cooperation Programme (CP) is a document setting out programmes objectives, priority axes, indicators, financing plan, etc. as explained in Art. 8 ETC Regulation 1299/2013 and presented in the Model for cooperation programmes under European Territorial Cooperation goal.

BG: Програма за сътрудничество
CZ: program spolupráce
DE: Kooperationsprogramm
HR: program suradnja
HU: Együttműködési program
SI: program sodelovanja
ME: Program saradnje
RS: Program saradnje
BHS: Program saradnje
RO: program de cooperare




Costs incurred


Costs incurred are costs accumulated in relation to the preparation and/or implementation of the project that are recorded as liabilities on the balance sheet of the partner organisation until they are discharged or paid. Incurred costs may include both direct and indirect costs.

BG: извършен разход
CZ: vzniklé náklady
DE: entstandene Kosten
HR: nastali troškovi 
HU: felmerült költségek
SI: nastali stroški
ME: Nastali troškovi
RS: Nastali troškovi
BHS: Nastali troškovi
RO: cheltuieli suportate



CRIS


A Current Research Information System (CRIS) is a database or other information system storing data on current research by organizations and people, usually through some kind of project activity, financed by a funding programme. EuroCRIS has been established in Europe to be the internationally recognised point of reference for all matters relating to CRIS. It advises the EC and national governments on matters relating to research information.

BG: Информационна система за текущи изследвания
CZ: CRIS
DE: Forschungsinformationssystem
HR: CRIS
HU: CRIS
SI: CRIS
ME: CRIS
RS: CRIS
BHS: CRIS
RO: CRIS



Critical Path


Critical path is determined by adding the times for the activities in each sequence and determining the longest path in the project.

BG: критичен път
CZ:
DE: kritischer Pfad
HR: kritični put
HU: kritikus útvonal
SI: Kritična pot
ME: Kritični put
RS: Kritični put
BHS: Kritični put
RO: traiectorie critică



Cross-border cooperation


Cross-Border Collaboration is the name given to collaboration between adjacent areas across borders. The main aim is to reduce the negative effects of borders as administrative, legal and physical barriers, tackle common problems, and exploit untapped potential. Through joint management of programmes and projects, mutual trust and understanding are strengthened, and the cooperation process is enhanced.

BG: трансгранично сътрудничество
CZ: přeshraniční spolupráce
DE: grenzüberschreitende Zusammenarbeit
HR: prekogranična suradnja 
HU: Határon átnyúló együttműködés
SI: čezmejno sodelovanje
ME: Prekogranična saradnja
RS: Prekogranična saradnja
BHS: Prekogranična saradnja
RO: cooperarea transfrontalieră




D



Danube Strategic Project Fund (DSPF)


The Danube Strategic Project Fund is a facility aiming at supporting the implementation of transnational strategic projects aligned with the objective of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR), with a specific added value at the interfaces between cohesion and enlargement/neighbourhood policy. It will be co-financed with funds provided to the EC by the EP and managed by the City of Vienna (PA 10 EUSDR).
The Project Fund will build upon the experience gained during the implementation of the pilot actions in the framework the Danube Implementation Facility, carried out by the City of Vienna in its capacity as Priority Area 10 "Institutional Capacity and Cooperation" of the EUSDR. Moreover, it shall refer as appropriate to the results, conclusions and recommendations of the "Socio-economic assessment of the Danube Region", which was implemented by Priority Area 8 "Competitiveness" and finalised in November 2015.
It shall primarily focus on innovative pre-mature projects which could not be funded so far and respond to the actual needs in the Danube Region functional area. Moreover, it will provide support for projects and initiatives which do not fit into a programme or funding scheme (or which need a combination of several funding instruments). The EUSDR provides an appropriate framework for the identification of such strategic projects, with all countries acting on a level-playing field.

BG: Дунавски фонд за стратегически проекти
CZ: Strategický projekt pro Dunaj (DSPF)
DE: DSPF
HR: DSPF
HU: Duna Stratégiai Projektalap (DSPF)
SI: DSPF
ME :DSPF
RS: DSPF
BHS: DSPF
RO: DSPF



Database


A database is a collection of information that is organised so it can easily be accessed, managed, and updated.

BG: база данни
CZ: databáze
DE: Datenbank
HR: baza podataka
HU: adatbázis
SI: podatkovna baza
ME: Baza podataka
RS: Baza podataka
BHS: Baza podataka
RO: baza de date



Date of completion


The date of completion is the fixed calendar date specified in a contract to complete a project.

BG: дата на приключване
CZ: datum dokončení
DE: Abschlussdatum
HR: datum završetka
HU: befejezés időpontja
SI: datum dokončanja
ME: Datum završetka
RS: Datum završetka
BHS: Datum završetka
RO: data completării



De minimis aid


De Minimis Aid is small amounts (see: de minimis ceiling) of public funding constituing State Aid (see: state aid) given to a single beneficiary which is unlikely to distort the competition.

BG:  минимална помощ
CZ: podpora de minimis
DE: De-minimis-Beihilfe
HR: minimalna pomoć
HU: csekély összegű támogatás felső küszöbértéke
SI: de minimis zgornja meja
ME: De minimis iznos
RS: Minimalni limit
BHS: Minimalni limit
RO: ajutor de minimis




De minimis ceiling


De Minimis Ceiling is the maximum amount of public funding given to a single beneficiary (up to €200,000 over a 3-year fiscal period) that has a negligible impact on trade and competition, and does not require notification.

BG: таван на минимална помощ
CZ: strop de minimis
DE: De-minimis-Obergrenze
HR: limit minimalne pomoći 
HU: csekély összegű támogatás felső küszöbértéke
SI: de minimis zgornja meja
ME: De minimis iznos
RS: Minimalni limit
BHS: Minimalni limit
RO: plafonul de minimis



Decision (EU law)


A decision (EU law) is an EU legislative act binding on those to whom it is addressed (e.g., an EU country or an individual company), and is directly applicable.

BG: Решение (право на ЕС)
CZ: Rozhodnutí (právo EU)
DE: Entscheidung (EU Recht)
HR: odluka
HU: Határozat (uniós jog)
SI: Odločba
ME: Odluka
RS: Odluka
BHS: Odluka
RO: Decizie (legislația UE)




Decommitment


De-commitment is a mechanism that aims to improve both the speed of programme development and the monitoring of flows of programme funding. The yearly allocations of a programme budget are defined in the Cooperation Programme. These funds have to be spent within three years (by the end of n+3). If they have not been spent they are returned to the European Commission and ‘de-committed’ from the programme.

BG:
CZ: zrušení závazků
DE: Aufhebung der Mittelbindung
HR: odustajanje od preuzetih obveza 
HU: kötelezettségvállalás visszavonása
SI: prenehanje prevzetih obveznosti
ME: Povraćaj preuzetih obaveza
RS: Povraćaj preuzetih obaveza
BHS: Povrat preuzetih obaveza
RO: dezangajare



Delay


A delay is a period of time before an activity or delivery occurs, when the activity or delivery will take place later than originally planned.

BG: забавяне
CZ: zpoždění
DE: Verzögerung
HR: odgoda
HU: késedelem
SI: zamuda
ME: Odlaganje
RS: Odlaganje
BHS: Odlaganje
RO: întârziere



Deliverable


A deliverable is a product or service of the project that contributes to the development of a project's main output.

BG:
CZ: výsledek
DE: Teilergebnis
HR: isporučiv rezultat rada 
HU: teljesítendő tétel
SI: rezultat
ME: Rezultat
RS: Rezultat
BHS: Rezultat
RO: livrabil



Depreciation


Depreciation is the loss in value of an asset over time. The full purchase price of an asset is eligible if the item is solely used for the project during its total economic and depreciable lifetime. Depreciation may be eligible, provided the cost relates exclusively to the period of support and that no public grants have contributed towards the acquisition of the depreciated asset.

BG: амортизация
CZ: amortizace
DE: Abschreibung
HR: amortizacija
HU: értékcsökkenés
SI: amortizacija
ME: Amortizacija
RS: Amortizacija
BHS: Amortizacija
RO: devalorizare




Description of management and control system


The description of management and control system contains details of all the systems needed for adequate management of a programme.

BG: описание на система за управление и контрол
CZ: popis řídícího a kontrolního systému
DE: Beschreibung des Verwaltungs- und Kontrollsystems
HR: opis sustava upravljanja i nadzora
HU: irányítási és kontrollrendszer leírása
SI: opis sistema vodenja in nadzora
ME: Opis sistema upravljanja i kontrole
RS: Opis sistema menadžmenta i kontrole
BHS: Opis sistema menadžmenta i kontrole
RO: descrierea sistemului de management și control



Design Thinking


A distinctive process of developing innovative solutions that is rooted in principles of physical, spatial, graphic, and user-interface design. It is characterized by an emphasis on deeply understanding the practical needs, behavior, and perspectives of actual users and constituents and may be applied to a wide variety of challenges, including programmes, services, products, and processes. It is an action-oriented approach to generating creative solutions to complex problems.

BG: Дизайн мислене
CZ:
DE: Design Thinking
HR: Dizajn razmišljane
HU: tervezői gondolkodásmód
SI: Načrtovanje razmišljanja
ME: Dizajn razmišljanje
RS: Dizajn razmišljanje
BHS: Dizajn razmišljanje
RO: Gândire de proiectare



Deviation


Deviation is any departure from the original plan presented in the application form. Deviations are minor changes from the workplan (can be positive or negative in the sense of a delay) which (according to programme rules) don't require an official change procedure, as opposed to changes which require a change procedure (according to programme rules).

BG: отклонение
CZ: odchylka
DE: Abweichung
HR: odstupanje
HU: eltérés
SI: odstopanje
ME: Odstupanje
RS: Odstupanje
BHS: Odstupanje
RO: deviere



Direct costs


Direct costs are costs that can be attributed directly to the project. They are directly related to an individual activity of the partner organisation, where the link with this individual activity can be demonstrated (for instance, through direct time registration).

BG: преки разходи
CZ: přímé náklady
DE: Direktkosten
HR: neposredni troškovi
HU: közvetlen költségek
SI: neposredni stroški
ME: Direktni troškovi
RS: Direktni troškovi
BHS: Direktni troškovi
RO: costuri directe




Directive (EU law)


A Directive (EU law) is a legislative act that sets out a goal that all EU countries must achieve. However, it is up to the individual countries to devise their own laws on how to reach these goals.

BG: Директива на ЕС
CZ: Směrnice (právo EU)
DE: Richtlinie (EU Recht)
HR: Direktiva (pravo EU) 
HU: Irányelv (uniós jog)
SI: direktiva
ME: Direktiva
RS: Direktiva
BHS: Direktiva
RO: Directiva (legislația UE)



Directorate General (EU)


A Directorate-General (DG) is the term given to the individual departments/services the European Commission is divided into.

BG: Генерална дирекция (ЕС)
CZ: Generální ředitelství (EU)
DE: Generaldirektion (EU)
HR: opća uprava 
HU: Főigazgatóság (EU)
SI: generalni direktorat
ME: Generalni Direktorat
RS: Generalni direktorat
BHS: Generalni direktorat
RO: Directorat General (UE)



Dissemination of results


Dissemination of results is the process of making the results and outputs of a project available to the stakeholders and to a wider audience. Dissemination is essential for take-up, and take-up is crucial for the success of the project and for the sustainability of outputs in the long term.

BG: разпространение на резултатите
CZ: šíření výsledků
DE: Verbreitung der Ergebnisse
HR: objava rezultata 
HU: az eredmények disszeminációja
SI: razširjanje rezultatov
ME: Objava rezultata
RS: Obelodanjivanje rezultata
BHS: Diseminacija rezultata
RO: diseminarea rezultatelor



Double financing/funding


Double financing/funding is what happens when the same item (expenditure) is submitted for reimbursement to several donors in order to obtain payment for that item from all of them.

BG: двойно финансиране
CZ: dvojité financování
DE: Doppelfinanzierung
HR: dvostruko financiranje
HU: kettős finanszírozás/támogatás
SI: dvojno financiranje
ME: Dvostruko finansiranje
RS: Dvostruko finansiranje
BHS: Dvostruko finansiranje
RO: finanțarea dublă




Durability


Durability of project outputs and results refers to the long-lasting effect of a project's achievements beyond project duration.

BG: устойчивост
CZ: trvanlivost
DE: Nachhaltigkeit/ Dauerhaftigkeit
HR: trajnost 
HU: tartósság
SI: vzdržljivost
ME: Trajanje
RS: Trajnost
BHS: Trajnost
RO: durabilitatea

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